This tree was sacred to the Druids. The pith is easily pushed out of green shoots to make whistles. Several shoots bound together by cordage, can be trimmed to the desired length for producing the note you want and used to entice Air elementals. The old superstition of “whistling up the wind” began with this custom.
A flower which is a symbol of immortality. A crown made with this flower will bring fame and fortune to those who wear it. The Amaranth was also used to decorate images of Gods and tombs. The Amaranth was also sacred to the Goddess Artemis of Ephesus. The name Amaranth derives from Amarynthos, a hunter and King of Euboea.
Another sacred tree to the Druids. It is said that you may cut an apple into three pieces, then rub the cut side on warts, saying: “Out warts, into apple.” Then bury the pieces and as the apple decays, the warts will disappear. Use apple cider in any old spells calling for blood or wine. Apple indicates choice, and is useful for love and healing magic.
A Druid sacred tree. Druid wands were often made of ash because of its straight grain. Ash wands are good for healing, general and solar magic. Put fresh ash leaves under your pillow to stimulate psychic dreams. There are many superstitions surrounding the Ash Tree. The Christmas log was of Ash because it believed to bring fortune to the family. Tools made of Ash enabled a man to work harder. A carriage whose axles were made of Ash would go faster.
Known to the Arabs as the golden plant. The plant grew on Mount Libanus. The Baaras flowers in the month of May after the snow melts. During daytime it is invisible, but at night it can be seen by torchlight. It was of great assistance to alchemists in the transmutation of metals. A marvelous plant known to the Arabs as the “Golden Plant,” which is supposed to grow on Mount Libanus, under-neath the road that leads to Damascus.
BEECH (Fagus spp.)
Beech wood is closely grained, very easy to work giving a smooth even surface. At one time Beech tablets were used as writing surfaces because of the above mentioned qualities. Beech and book have the same word origins. Beech is concerned with ancient knowledge as revealed in old objects, places and writings. Beech indicates guidance from the past to gain insight, which protects and provides a solid base upon which all relies.
Known as Lady of the Woods, Paper Birch and White Birch. Carefully gather strips of the bark at the New Moon. With red ink, write on a birch strip: “Bring me true love.” Burn this along with a love incense, saying “Goddess of love, God of desire, Bring to me sweet passion’s fire.” The specific name of a god/goddess may be added. Or cast the bark into a stream or other flowing water, saying: “Message of love, I set you free, to capture a love and return to me.” ***Remember*** It is unwise to use this incantation and ritual directed toward a specific person as that would violate the rule. If a love is to come to you, it must be of that persons free will to do so.
Blackthorn is a winter tree. Its white flowers are seen even before the leaves in the spring. It is black barked with vicious thorns and grows in dense thickets. The wood is used in the cudgel shillelagh and Blasting Stick. Its thorns are used to pierce waxen images. Blackthorn indicates strong action of fate or outside influences that must be obeyed.
Was a magic forest in ancient Brittany that figured in Arthurian legend. It was the place that Merlinwasenchanted by Viviana, Lady of the Lake. The name Broceliande is often symbolic of the dim unreality of legendary scenery. Paimpont forest, also known as Brocéliande, is in the French commune of Paimpont, near the city of Rennes in Brittany. As Brocéliande it had a reputation in the Medieval imagination as a place of magic and mystery. It is the setting of a number of adventures in Arthurian legend, notably Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, and locals claim the tree in which the Lady of the Lake supposedly imprisoned Merlin can still be seen today. Other legendary places said to lie within the forest include the Val sans Retour, the tomb of Merlin, the Fountain of Youth, and Hotié de Vivianne (castle of the Lady of the Lake).
Also known as Scotch Broom or Irish Broom. It can be substituted for furze (gorse) at the Spring Equinox. The Irish called it the “Physician’s power” because of its diuretic shoots. Sweep your outside ritual areas with it to purify and protect. Burning the blooms and shoots calms the wind. Be cautious if you plant Broom however, it will quickly multiply….
Also known as the Tree of Life, Arbor Vitae, Yellow Cedar. Ancient Celts on the mainland used cedar oil to preserve the heads of enemies taken in battle. To draw Earth energy and ground yourself, place the palms of your hands against the ends of the leaves.
Also known as Ellhorn, Elderberry, Lady Elder. Sacred to the White Lady and Midsummer Solstice. The Druids used it to both bless and curse. Standing under an elder tree at Midsummer, like standing in a Fairy Ring of mushrooms, will help you see the “little people.” Elder wands can be used to drive out evil spirits or thought forms. Music on panpipes or flutes of elder have the same power as the wand. Remember the words of the Rede. Elder is the Lady’s Tree, burn it not or cursed ye be! In Scotland and Wales it was believed that the dwarf Elder on grew on ground which had been soaked in blood. Elder was not used in a Childs cradle as it was believed the would be harried by fairies. In Germany it was thought unlucky to brink an Elder branch into the house. Elder was also considered a protection against evil. During the horror times of the Catholic inquisition people carried Elder as a protection against the church. Elder was also believed to protect gardens. It was thought very unlucky to break or cut an Elder branch. Gardeners had to ask permission from the tree first. It was unlucky to burn Elder wood. This stems from the fact that the church often used Elder in burning people.
A slightly fibrous, tan-coloured wood with a slight sheen. Elm is often associated with Mother and Earth Goddesses, and was said to be the abode of faeries, explaining Kipling’s injunction; “Ailim be the lady’s tree; burn it not or cursed ye’ll be”. Elm wood is valued for it’s resistance to splitting, and the inner bark was used for cordage and chair caning. Elm adds stability and grounding to a spell. In England the Elm tree was associated with elves. It was also believed that the falling of leaves of the Elm out of season predicted disease among cattle. The Elm was also used to cure cattle by means of the “Need fire”. Elm leaves have also been used for centuries for medicinal purposes. Herbalists still use Slippery Elm.
Fir is a very tall slender tree that grows in mountainous regions on the upper slopes. Fir cones respond to rain by closing and the sun by opening. Fir can see over great distance to the far horizon beyond and below. Fir indicates high views and long sights with clear vision of what is beyond and yet to come.
Also known as the Birth Tree. The needles are burned at childbirth to bless and protect the mother and baby.
Also known as Gorse, Whin. Its golden flowers are associated with the Spring Equinox. Wood and blooms are burned for protection and preparation for conflict of any sort.
Also known as May Tree and White Thorn. Wands made of this wood are of great power. The blossoms are highly erotic to men. Hawthorn can be used for protection, love and marriage spells.
Wands made of this wood symbolize white magick and healing. Forked sticks are used to find water or buried treasure. If outside and in need of maigckal protection quickly draw a circle around yourself with a hazel branch. To enlist the aid of plant fairies, string hazelnuts on a cord and hang up in your house or ritual room. Magically, hazel wood is used to gain knowledge, wisdom and poetic inspiration. In Roman mythology Apollo gave a Hazel rod to Mercury. During the middle ages Hazel rods were used against demons. Over the centuries forked hazel rods have been used for dowsing.
A beautiful white wood with an almost invisible grain; looks very much like ivory. Holly is associated with the death and rebirth symbolism of winter in both Pagan and Christian lore and is important to the Winter Solstice. In Arthurian legend, Gawain (representing the Oak King of summer) fought the Green Knight, who was armed with a holly club to represent winter. It is one of the three timbers used in the construction of chariot wheel shafts. It was used in spear shafts also. The qualities of a spear shaft are balance and directness, as the spear must be hefted to be thrown the holly indicates directed balance and vigour to fight if the cause is just. Holly may be used in spells having to do with sleep or rest, and to ease the passage of death. A bag of leaves and berries carried by a man is said to increase his ability to attract women. Holly has been used down through time as a protection against evil. It was also hung around houses as a protection against lightning. Its use at Christmas may be traced back to ancient Rome were it was used during the festival to Saturn.
A light softwood, very similar to spruce. Larch is one of the few conifers which sheds its needles in the winter. It is closely related to the North American tamarack (larix laricina). The larch plays an important role in Sami (Lapp) and Siberian mythology where it takes the place of the ash as the World-tree. Their shamans use larch wood to rim their ceremonial drums. The smoke from burning larch is said to ward off evil spirits. Larch may be used for protection and to induce visions.
It was the Greek nymph Daphne that was being chased by Apollo who asked to be changed into another form. So Athena helped by transforming her into a Laurel tree. As such the Laurel tree became sacred to Apollo. The Laurel was said to give visionary powers and as such the Delphic Oracle used to chew the Laurel leaves to induce visionary powers. The Laurel was also hung on doorways to keep ghosts away.
Its berries were used with thyme in Druid and Grove incenses for visions. Juniper grown by the door discourages thieves. The mature berries can be strung and hung in the house to attract love.
A very hard, pale, fine-grained wood. Although the sugar maple has the highest sugar content in its sap, all maple species can be tapped to make syrup and sugar, making them a vital resource to early North American settlers. In north-eastern North America, the annual ‘sugaring-off’ usually coincides with the vernal equinox, making it one of the first signs of spring. Maple can bring success and abundance.
Also known as Birdlime, All Heal and Golden Bough. It was the most sacred tree of the Druids, and ruled the Winter Solstice. The berries are poisonous! Bunches of mistletoe can be hung as an all-purpose protective herb. The berries are used in love incenses. The Druid priests use to distribute Mistletoe to worshippers after a white bull had been sacrificed to the spirits. The Mistletoe was then taken home and hung from the ceiling to ward off evil forces. In ancient Rome it was used to protect against evil. The Romans also used it as a way to speak to ghosts. Modern day couples kiss underneath the mistletoe, a custom that goes back to the Celtic church.
An evergreen plant that is associated with love and marriage. Ancient Egyptians consecrated it to Hathor. In Ancient Greece it was sacred to Aphrodite. In ancient Rome brides wore wreaths of myrtle blossom on their wedding day.
Oak has been considered sacred by just about every culture that has encountered the tree, but it was held in particular esteem by the Celts because of its size, longevity, and nutritious acorns. The oak was the “King of Trees” in a grove. Magick wands were made of its wood. Oak galls, known as Serpent Eggs, were used in magickal charms. Acorns gathered at night held the greatest fertility powers. The Druids and Priestesses listened to the rustling oak leaves and the wrens in the trees for divinatory messages. Burning oak leaves purifies the atmosphere. It can be used in spells for protection, strength, success and stability; the different varieties will lend their own special ‘flavour’ to the magic.
Considered by many to be a magical tree. Devotees of the Phoenician God Baal made sacrificial offerings under the Oak. Socretes regarded the Oak as an Oracle tree. All Druid rites involved the use of an Oak tree. The Oak was also sacred to the Roman God Jupiter. In Scandinavia the Oak tree was dedicated to Thor.
Very sacred to Greek Goddess Athena. Athena gave the Olive Tree the power to bear fruit. When Xerxes captured Acropolis he burned a mystical olive tree which reappeared by magic. A Dove also brought Noah a sprig of Olive tree to indicate it was safe to come out of the ark.
The Pine tree is an evergreen, its old title was “the sweetest of woods.” It was known to the Druids as one of the seven chieftain trees of the Irish. Mix the dried needles with equal parts of juniper and cedar and burn to purify the home and ritual area. The cones and nuts can be carried as a fertility charm. A good magickal cleansing and stimulating bath is made by placing pine needles in a loose-woven bag and running bath water over it. To purify and sanctify an outdoor ritual area, brush the ground with a pine branch. The Romans regarded the opened Pine cones as symbols of virginity. The cones were sacred to the Goddess Diana. In Roman mythology, Rhea turned Attis into a Pine tree. In Phrygia Pine trees were sacred to Cybele. The devotes of Dionysus wore foliage from Pine trees. The Pine served as a bridge for Shamans between the world and the supernatural dimension.
The White Poplar flourishes beside rivers, in marshes and in other watery areas. The pith is star shaped. The upper leaves are green, the underside is silver. The wood was used in the making of shields. Leaves move with every puff of wind. It is commonly referred to as the talking, whispering and quivering tree. The Anglo-Saxon rune poem seems to refer to the poplar as being associated with the rune berkano. Heracles wore a crown of poplar leaves when he retrieved Cerberus from Hades, and the upper surface of the leaves was thus darkened from Hades’ smoky fumes. In Christian lore, the quaking poplar (aspen) was used to construct Christ’s cross, and the leaves of the tree quiver when they remember this fact. The Poplar’s ability to resist and to shield, its association with speech, language and the Winds indicates an ability to endure and conquer.
Also known as Mountain Ash, Witchwood and Sorb Apple has long known as an aid and protection against enchantment. Sticks of the Rowan were used to carve Runes on. Rowan spays and crosses were placed over cattle in pens and over homes for protection. Its lovely red berries feed the birds in winter. The berries have a tiny pentagram on them and are especially poisonous. The pentagram is the ancient symbol of protection. The Rowan tree indicates protection and control of the senses from enchantment and beguiling. The Rowan was sacred to the Druids and the Goddess Brigit. It is a very magical tree used for wands, rods, amulets and spells. A forked Rowan branch can help find water. Wands are for knowledge, locating metal and general divination.
Was a sacred plant that was used to make a drink that was consumed in Vedic sacrificial rites in honor of the God Indra. Soma was believed to be the drink of the Gods. It was thought to bestow divinity upon mortals. Some people believe Soma was in fact the leafless plant, Sarcostemma Acidum.
Also known as White Willow, Tree of Enchantment and Witches’ Asprin. Once of the seven sacred trees of the Irish, a Druid sacred Tree. The willow is a Moon tree sacred to the White Lady, Its groves were considered so magickal that priests, priestesses and all types of artisans sat among these trees to gain eloquence, inspiration, skills and prophecies. For a wish to be granted, ask permission of the willow, explaining your desire. Select a pliable shoot and tie a loose knot in it while expressing what you want. When the wish is fulfilled. return and untie the knot. Remember to thank the willow and leave a gift.
Also known as English Yew and European Yew. Another important tree to the Winter Solstice and the deities of death and rebirth. It is a beautifully smooth, gold-coloured wood with a wavy grain. The Irish used it to make dagger handles, bows and wine barrels. The wood or leaves were laid on graves as a reminder to the departed spirit that death was only a pause in life before rebirth. All parts of the tree are poisonous except the fleshy covering of the berry, and its medicinal uses include a recently discovered treatment for cancer. The yew may be the oldest-lived tree in the world. Ancient yews can be found in churchyards all over Britain, where they often pre-date even the oldest churches. There are some convincing arguments for it being the original ‘World-tree’ of Scandinavian mythology. The Yew may be used to enhance magical and psychic abilities, and to induce visions.