The Meridians in Chinese Herbalism:
The Meridians refer to which organs the herb acts upon. For example, menthol is pungent, cool and is linked with the lungs and the liver. Since the lungs is the organ which protects the body from invasion from cold and influenza, menthol can help purge coldness in the lungs and invading heat toxins caused by hot “wind”.
Chinese patent medicine is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine. They are standardized herbal formulas. Several herbs and other ingredients are dried and ground. They are then mixed into a powder and formed into pills. The binder is traditionally honey. They are characteristically little round black pills. Chinese patent medicines are easy and convenient. They are not easy to customize on a patient-by-patient basis, however. They are best used when a patient’s condition is not severe and the medicine can be taken as a long-term treatment. These medicines are not “patented” in the traditional sense of the word. No one has exclusive rights to the formula. Instead, “patent” refers to the standardization of the formula. All Chinese patent medicines of the same name will have the same proportions of ingredients.
50 fundamental Chinese herbs:
In Chinese herbalism, there are 50 “fundamental herbs.”:
A medicinal and ornamental plant in the Lamiaceae family. The plant has antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge, refrigerant, and stomachic properties.
A species of flowering plant in the Alangiaceae family. It is used to treat snakebite, is used as a carminative, used to increase circulation, as a contraceptive, as a “hemostat” and to treat numbness, rheumatism, and wounds.
Has analgesic, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, hypnotic, and sedative properties.
A species of flowering plant in the family Solanaceae.
Large doses of the plant as medicine can be toxic to the kidneys.
Has an antibacterial action.
Used to speed healing and treat diabetes.
A tea plant whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. White tea, green tea and black tea are all harvested from this species.
Used primarily for its aromatic bark. Some anecdotal evidence that consumption has an effect in lowering blood pressure.
Species of flowering plant in the family Menispermaceae.
Plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family.
Many deaths and hospitalizations are reported from recreational use.
Member of the family Orchidaceae.
A flowering plant in the family Hydrangeaceae.
Dried aerial parts are used to treat asthma, allergic rhinitis, upper respiratory infection, colds, and is used as a general stimulant.
A small tree native to China. The bark is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat lower back pain, aching knees, and to prevent miscarriage. Also used to “tonify” the Yang.
A species of flowering plant in the family Euphorbiaceae.
A species of flowering plant in the family Achariaceae.
A species of holly, a flowering plant in the family Aquifoliaceae.
It is used in the treatment of abnormal menstruation, postpartum abdominal pain, uterine bleeding, oedema, eczema and purulent abscess.
A flowering plant in the carrot family.
A species of flowering plant in the family Campanulaceae.
A species of tree in the family Rutaceae.
Associated with long life and vitality.
Native to eastern China, occurring in small areas in the mountains of southern Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and eastern Sichuan, at altitudes of 100-1500 m.
A genus of flowering plants of the family Rutaceae.
Kudzu also contains a number of useful isoflavones, including daidzein (an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agent), daidzin (a cancer preventive) and genistein (an antileukemic agent). Kudzu is a unique source of the isoflavone puerarin. Kudzu root compounds can affect neurotransmitters (including serotonin, GABA, and glutamate) and it has shown value in treating migraine and cluster headache.
One of the traditional uses in traditional Chinese medicine for Rehmannia glutinosa has been in the area of tinnitis and hearing loss.
In modern medicine, R. officinale has been found to be useful in treatment of Hepatitis B.
Honey resulting from these plants have a slightly hallucinogenic and laxative effect.
Believed to Astringe Lung Qi and nourish the Kidneys, Restrain the essence and stop Diarrhea–astringe Kidneys, Arrest excessive sweating from Yin or Yang deficiency, Calm the Spirit by tonification of Heart and Kidney, Generate body fluids and alleviate thirst.
Has abortifacient, antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, diuretic, emetic, emollient, febrifuge, hypotensive, purgative, styptic, and tonic properties.
A flowering plant in the family Thymelaeaceae.